Biology  
 

Degrees/Courses

 
Degrees Courses Major & Minor Checklist (pdf)  
 
Degrees
B.S. Degree in Biology
Biology Requirement: Thirty-seven semester hours in biology, including BY160, 161, 162, 328 and 499, along with at least four semester hours of field biology selected from BY201, 241, 264, 275 and 352. Chemistry Requirement: CY111, 112, 211 and 212. Math Requirement: MS114 or higher. Strongly recommended: CY325; MS121 and 252; PC201/202 or PC213/ 214. Biology majors must attend twelve Science Division presentations and take the Major Field Test in Biology. At least 20 semester hours of biology course work must be completed at Aquinas College. Biology majors must maintain a G.P.A. of at least 2.00 in biology courses taken at Aquinas. Only courses with a grade of C– or higher will count toward the biology major. The major in Biology meets major teaching certificate requirements. Only courses with a grade of C or higher will count toward a teaching major.
 
Minor in Biology
Biology Requirement: Twenty-four semester hours in biology, including BY160, 161 and 162, along with at least three semester hours of field biology selected from BY123, 201, 241, 264, 275 or 352. At least 8 semester hours of course work taken for the biology minor must be selected from courses at or above the 200 level. At least 16 semester hours of biology course work must be completed at Aquinas College. Biology minors must maintain a G.P.A. of at least 2.00 in biology courses taken at Aquinas College. Only courses with a grade of C– or better will count toward the biology minor. The minor in Biology meets minor teaching certificate requirements. Only courses with a grade of C or better will count toward a teaching minor.
 
Courses
BY101 Concepts in Biology (3)
A broad overview of basic biological concepts including cell structure and function, genetics, ecology, evolution and diversity. Not applicable toward major or minor. Offered every fall.
 
BY112 Nutrition (3)
Introduction to principles of nutrition: composition of a balanced diet; function of basic nutrients; application to growth, development, and health maintenance.
Not applicable toward major or minor.
 
BY123 Environmental Biology (3) NL
Introduction to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on human influences. Field experience based labs. Two hours lecture, three hours lab. Not applicable toward the major. Not applicable toward the minor for students having successfully completed BY275 or BY352. Offered every semester.
 
BY150 Human Biology (4) NL
Systems approach to study of basic human anatomy and physiology designed for non-biology majors. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Not applicable toward the major. Not applicable toward the minor for students having successfully completed BY221 or BY372. Offered every fall and odd-numbered springs.
 
BY155 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4) NL
An introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology for nursing and athletic training students. Not applicable toward the major or minor. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Offered every fall.
 
BY156 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (3)
A continuation of BY155 the study of Human Anatomy and Physiology for nursing and athletic training students. Not applicable toward the major or minor. Three hours lecture/two hours lab.
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C in BY155. Offered every spring.
 
BY160 Principals of Biology (4) NL
Introduction to the structure and function of cells, including basic chemistry, metabolism, mitosis, genetics, protein synthesis, and cell regulation. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Offered every semester.
 
BY161 Botany (3)
Introduction to plant biology, including plant morphology, physiology and diversity. Two hours lecture, three hours lab.
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C– in BY160. Offered every fall.
 
BY162 Zoology (3)
Introduction to animal biology, including morphology, physiology and diversity. Two hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C– in BY160. Offered every spring.
 
BY 201 Global Ecology (3)
A course on the ecology, biology, and natural history of a particular destination country. A seminar portion on campus during the spring semester is complemented by a travel portion in May. Seminars cover basic ecological concepts as well as the structure of communities in the destination country. Adaptations of local organisms and threats they face are also discussed. The travel component follows in May, immediately after the end of the semester. The trip features visits to ecosystems studied in class, observing and recording species encountered on these visits. Both seminar and trip must be completed to receive credit for the course. Offered every spring and summer (contingent upon enrollment).
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C– in one biology course at Aquinas College.
 
BY221 Anatomy and Histology of Vertebrates (4)
Structure, function and evolution of vertebrates at organ and tissue levels; emphasis on laboratory observations using a comparative approach. Three hours lecture, three hours lab.
Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162. Offered every spring.
 
BY231 Microbiology (4)
Morphology, taxonomy, and physiology of bacteria and other microorganisms; microbial genetics, environmental and industrial significance of microorganisms, and infectious diseases will be covered. Three hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162. Offered every spring.
 
BY241 Ornithology (2)
An introduction to the study of birds, their classification, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and natural history. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. (8 week mod) Prerequisite: minimum grade of C- in BY162 or instructor approval. Offered even-numbered springs.
 
BY264 Plant Taxonomy (2)
A study of the concepts and principles of classification, study of the local flora, and training in the terminology and identification of the vascular plants. Three hours lecture, three hour lab. (8 week mod)
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C- in BY161. Offered odd-numbered springs.
 
BY275 Aquatic Field Biology (4)
The study of aquatic systems and organisms, their functions, origins and interactions. Field oriented labs with training in limnological equipment and analysis. Three hours lecture, three hours lab.
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C- in BY160, BY161, BY162. Offered even-numbered falls.
 
BY324/PG324 Neuroscience (3)
Topics include neuron functioning (action potential production including the behavior of receptors, ion channels and neurotransmitters), synaptic transmission, sensory and motor systems, the neurobiological perspective of learning and memory, drugs and the brain, sex and the brain. Both invertebrate and vertebrate systems discussed. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY150 or BY160 and sophomore status. Offered even-numbered springs.
 
BY326 Cell Biology (4)
(Open to declared biology majors.) Study of cellular structure and function: bioenergetics, enzyme regulation, membrane dynamics, cell ultrastructure and cell signaling. Four hours lecture. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, BY161, BY162, Junior status. Offered every fall.
 
BY328 Genetics (5)
(Open to declared biology majors.) Mendelian, population, and molecular genetics, with an emphasis on recent advances. Four hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162, CY211. Offered every spring.
 
BY341 Parasitology (2)
Introduction to parasites infecting humans: symptoms, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Lecture, laboratory. (8 week mod) Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162. Offered odd-numbered springs.
 
BY352 Ecology (4)

Population, community and ecosystems ecology; interactions between populations; particular emphasis on modeling ecological phenomena. Three hours lecture, three hours lab.

Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162. Offered odd-numbered falls.

 
BY361 Immunology (4)
Molecular, cellular and organism-level immunology in health and disease; Foundational topics include: innate immunity, lymphocyte development, B and T cell immunity, and antigen presentation. Introductions to clinical immunology include: vaccines, autoimmunity, allergies, immunodeficiency and tumor immunology. Some current tools in immunological research will be discussed. Format will include lecture, presentations by students, case studies and discussions of primary literature. Four hours of lecture. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C- in GY160, 161, and 162.
 
BY372 Physiology (4)
(Open to declared biology majors.) Basic physiology of human body systems; neural and neuroendocrine integration and control. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C- in BY160, 161, 162, CY112. Offered every fall.
 
BY375 Advanced Human Genetics (4)
This course takes a disease-based approach to the study of human genetics, including disease etiology, pathology, phenotype, and treatment options. A combination of lecture, literature review, and discussion formats will be employed. Diseases that will be discussed range from inborn errors of metabolism and structural protein defects to the chromosomal breakage syndromes. Methodologies that allow investigators to research human genetics will also be discussed. Four hour lectures.
Prerequisite: minimum grade of C- in BY328. Offered even-numbered springs.
 
BY398 Readings in Biology (Variable)***
Individually-negotiated program of readings on selected topic established by contract between instructor and student. Contracts filed with Registrar.
Prerequisite: Approval of the chairperson.
 
BY399 Independent Project (Variable)***
Individually-negotiated project of defined nature established by contract between instructor and student. Contracts filed with the Registrar.
Prerequisite: Approval of the chairperson.
 
BY499 Biology Seminar (2)
Concentrated study of a single topic. Library research and oral presentation required of all participants. Students will be expected to attend all presentations of their seminar topic and twelve additional science division presentations throughout their Aquinas experience. Prerequisite: Senior status and instructor permission. Offered every semester.
 
***Only three semester hours of combined credit for these courses will be counted toward the required hours for the major or minor.