Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument.
The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which literally means "love of wisdom", and was originally a word referring to the special way of life of early Greek philosophers.
Did You Know?
In Athens, at the time of Socrates and Plato, the city provided free public baths and gymnasiums for its citizens to "pump up" the idea of democratic citizenship but didn't provide free public education.