Education at Aquinas College

Bilingual Spanish K-12 Minor

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Major/Minor Notifications: As MDE certification requirements are subject to change, consult the School of Education website or contact an education department advisor for the most current information on program completion and MDE certification requirements.

Minor requirements - twenty-four (24) semester hours:

  • At least twelve (12) semester hours of the Bilingual Spanish minor must be taken at Aquinas College. All students (even native speakers of Spanish) are required to take a Spanish proficiency exam prior to enrolling in the Bilingual Spanish program. Assessment of Spanish proficiency will be made in the Department of World Languages. Language coursework: requirements to be determined based on the assessment of Spanish proficiency.
  • Costs associated with required language proficiency exams will be the responsibility of the student.This applies to the following programs:
    • Education - Bilingual Spanish
    • Education - French
    • Education - German
    • Education - Spanish


  • WL305 Spanish-English Linguistics (3) SC

    This course is an introduction to the study of the different areas of the Spanish language: phonology, morphology and syntax, and its differences from English. Several aspects related to language variation, such as regional dialects, bilingualism and Spanish in the US will be discussed. Prerequisite: WL301. Recommended: WL302.

  • WL363 Latin-American Culture and Civilization (3)

    Study of political and social institutions, education, art, architecture, literature, and music from pre-Columbian period to present; contemporary problems and everyday life. Prerequisite: WL301 or equivalent.

  • EN457/EN557 Introduction to Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) (3)

    Offered fall, and spring semesters. Required for all Bilingual Spanish and English as a Second Language minors. Appropriate education method elective for elementary and secondary candidates. Introduction to central ESL theories, terminology and teaching methodologies and strategies for those new to the field of ESL with an emphasis on specific issues concerning mainstream K-12 teachers working with English language learners. Links between theory and practice are made through a field component. Course participants with an interest in teaching English as a foreign language or teaching foreign languages are welcome and will be accommodated. Prerequisite: EN201 or Michigan Teaching Certificate. Field component: variable hours.

  • EN459/EN559 Assessment and Evaluation in ESL (3)

    Offered spring semesters. Required for Bilingual Spanish and ESL minors. Not an education method elective. Geared to studying the processes for designing, analyzing and implementing assessment measures for English language learners with a focus on classroom-based evaluation and forms of authentic assessment. Links between assessment and instruction, examination of formal and informal types of formative and summative assessments and their value as feedback for teachers, parents and administrators are emphasized. Field component provides participants opportunity to investigate various aspects of assessment of professional interest. Prerequisite: EN457/557. Field component : variable hours

  • EN471/EN771 Theories of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism (3)

    Theories of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism (3) Offered spring semesters. Required for Bilingual Spanish and ESL minors. Not an education method elective. This is an introductory course to bilingual/multi-lingual and English language education with an emphasis on the theories and practices underpinning bilingual programs and the teaching of learning of English language learners. The course provides an overview of the field, including the main concepts of bilingualism, and different models of bilingual and ESL programs. A main component of the course will be to examine peoples’ beliefs and experiences of becoming bilingual. Another component will center on specific educational issues that affect bilingual development in a school setting. The field experiences of this course will act as cohesive ties between what we explore, study and experiment with in course readings and discussions and the real world of bilingual/multilingual learners and teachers. Prerequisite: EN457/557. Field component: variable hours.

  • EN476/EN576 Second Language Acquisition (3)

    Offered spring semester. Required for ESL minors. Not an education method elective. This course is an introduction to the subject of second language acquisition and learning. The prime objective of the course is to help educators better understand how people learn (or don’t learn) languages as well as to examine the complex issues surrounding SLA in educational contexts. The course provides participants with opportunities to analyze the processes of child and adult SLA, how they differ from L1 acquisition, and the implications of these theories for teaching and learning of second languages. Personal experiences with SLA and teaching second language learners will be utilized to tie together theory and practice. Field work and course texts will be used as a spring board for projects in which course participants will investigate a SLA topic that interests them and/or directly relates to their own classroom context. Prerequisites: EN457/557 or EN443/543. Field component: variable hours.

  • EN494/EN794 Practicum ESL/Bilingual Education (3)

    Offered fall and spring semesters. Required of all Bilingual Spanish and ESL minors. Field placement in a Bilingual Spanish or ESL or classroom under the supervision of a certified Bilingual Spanish or ESL teacher. Prerequisite: All bilingual or ESL coursework and School of Education approval. Field component: one hundred sixty (160) hours in an approved site..