Philosophy at Aquinas College

Philosophy Minor

>Minor Checklist (pdf)

Minor Requirements: A minimum of eighteen (18) semester hours

Required Courses:

  • PH111 Logic
  • One (1) course in the history of philosophy:
    • PH 215
    • PH 220
    • PH 225
    • With special permission, students may take another course such as PH 218 or PH 330.
  • One (1) course in Ethics (designated E): PH 334
  • One (1) course in Metaphysics or Epistemology (designated ME): -
    • PH 306
    • PH 331
    • With chairperson’s approval, a course in philosophy of language or philosophy of mind may be substituted.
  • Two (2) elective courses.


  • At least two courses must be numbered 300 or above. At most two courses may be numbered below 200
  • All students must take twelve (12) semester hours of philosophy at Aquinas


  • PH111 Logic (3) HP

    Basic tools for analyzing and criticizing arguments, including basic patterns of deductive logic, recognizing common fallacies, and criticizing analogical and causal arguments.

  • PH215 Ancient Greek and Chinese Philosophy (3) HP

    Major philosophers between the 5th century B.C. and the 3rd century A.D. including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Confucius and Lao Tzu.

  • PH220 Medieval Philosophy (3) HP

    Major philosophers between the 4th and 14th centuries: Augustine, Boethius, Anselm, Thomas Aquinas, members of the Arabic and Jewish schools, Duns Scotus, Ockham.

  • PH225 Modern Philosophy (3) HP

    Critical review of the most influential writings of four major philosophers: Descartes, Locke, Hume and Kant.

  • PH334 Ethics (3)

    A historical survey of the ethical theories offered to solve moral problems and the cultural traditions in which they arose. Such theories include virtue ethics, natural law, Stoic ethics, utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, emotivism, ultratrunism, existential ethics, and feminist ethics. The course will challenge the students to discover ethical approaches to moral decision-making in post-modern pluralistic society.

  • PH306 Epistemology (3) ME

    Theory of knowledge; evidence, knowledge and opinion, the a priori, truth, insight; canons of inquiry: history, science, religion, and literature as knowledge.

  • PH331 Metaphysics (3) ME

    Issues covered: whether there is a universal, basic human nature; what it means to be a ‘person’; (how) is the mind linked to the body and the soul; what does it mean to be a self.